During the Second World War Terezín was a stopping point for Jews "relocated in the East". The visit is a bit hard but it's worth it. The guided group tour departs from the center of Prague and you will have roundtrip transportation, because of course, luckily you can leave.
The old Terezín fortress was built by order of the Austrian emperor Josef II in 1784 and was named after the emperor's mother. However, it is currently known for a more sinister episode in its history: having been a stopping point for Jews who were "resettled in the East". This tour takes you from the center of Prague to the center of a horrifying tragedy. Fortunately, at the end of the visit you can leave freely.
The statistics are simply shocking: of the 140,000 people sent to Terezín from the Czech Republic, Germany and other areas, only 17,000 survived. This was not an extermination camp, but around 33,000 people found death here because of famine and disease. A crematorium was built to manage the death rate, which had a daily capacity for 200 bodies. Simultaneously 90,000 people were sent to the camps of Auschwitz and Treblinka.
With an incredibly sinister touch, the Nazi propaganda called Theresienstadt a spa town. Meanwhile, the inmates managed to preserve their dignity through religious and cultural celebrations. Artists, writers and musicians embodied life there, gave classes and offered performances for others. His library housed 60,000 books and his 15,000 children received an education.
Terezín has a museum and an excellent guided tour, which uncover all aspects of the history of this place in an uncomfortably close way. These include the Jewish oratory, the SS barracks, the cells of the Gestapo, the seat of the Council of Elders and the Jewish dormitories.